There is a chance for developing several kinds of cysts in the mouth cavity. Oral cysts are also known as dental cysts, as well as periapical, odontogenic or radicular cysts. Dental cysts are a very common form of an odontogenic cyst. These cysts are caused by infections that result in the pulp or inner portion of the tooth becoming infected these results to decay, as well as the development of fluid filled sacs or inflamed tissue. Fluids contained in such as sacs or cysts may be sterile or infected. If not treated, infectious fluids may be spread infection to other locations in the body.
Types of cysts:
- Keratocyst: This cyst is often difficult to identify, and results pertaining to content must rely on laboratory tests. They are rather aggressive and can be tricky to remove, as the cyst can grow into bone formations of the jaw.
- Dentigerous cyst: this type of cyst normally develops within a dental follicle in close proximity to or surrounding an unerupted tooth. These types of cysts are commonly found around the third molars. These cysts can grow and alter positioning of teeth, but most do not cause symptoms or pain and often go unnoticed.
- Periapical cyst: also known as a radicular cyst, these are the most common of odontogenic cyst types. The tooth becomes infected, resulting to death of pulp tissues. Infected matter and toxins may escape through the apex of the tooth, leading to infection of surrounding tissues as well as the development of cysts caused by skin or gum tissue caused by lack of adequate blood supply.
- Primordial cyst: this type of cyst develops instead of a tooth and is one of the rare forms of oral cysts.
Sometimes dental cysts need to be removed. Minor surgery is typically the best option to remove cysts. The surgery consists of a dental surgeon injecting a local anesthetic to the cyst's site and removing the cyst's tissue or sac.
This procedure can be done under the supervision of Dr.Amit and Dr. Rithesh, they have been doing oral and maxillofacial procedure for the past 8 years.