Wisdom Teeth Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can perform a large number of surgical interventions in the mouth. The term "Minor oral surgery" refers to smaller operations and includes removing wisdom teeth, impacted teeth and severely broken-down teeth as well as apicectomies, biopsies and other procedures. Treatment procedures are usually performed using routine local anaesthetic (injections), although sometimes sedation can be provided if necessary.
Wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth to grow in the mouth. Most people have four wisdom teeth at the back of the mouth — two on the top, two on the bottom.
Impacted wisdom teeth can result in pain, damage to other teeth and other dental problems. In some cases, impacted wisdom teeth may cause no evidence or immediate problems but they may be particularly exposed to disease.
A wisdom tooth can be removed under local anaesthetic or also be done under general anaesthetic. Sometimes the local anaesthetic is combined with sedation to help you relax and allow you to go through the operation more comfortably. Having sedation means that you will be conscious during the operation but will not be aware of what is going on.
The choice of anaesthetic depends on the patient's choice or on what your surgeon thinks is best. Having a general anaesthetic means that you will be completely asleep during the operation and you will not feel any pain.
The gum may need to be cut slightly at the back of the mouth and a small amount of bone removed to loosen the wisdom tooth. The tooth may need to be cut into one or more pieces to help its removal.
The gum will be stitched after the tooth is removed often with a stitch. Most patients are allowed to go home in the early evening after the operation.
After the surgery
- The gauze pad placed over the surgical area should be kept in place for a half hour. After this time it should be removed.
- Vigorous mouth rinsing or irritating the wound area with hand after surgery should be avoided. This may initiate bleeding.
- Medication should be strictly followed to avoid further complications.
- At least for one day take rest after the surgery.
- Place ice bags on your face where the surgery was performed for half an hour, this will help minimise swelling.
Risk and complications
- Dry Socket
- Root fragments
- Sinus complications
- Jaw fracture
- Injury to teeth
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a post modern medical treatment procedure, which has been promoting by Dr. Rithesh and Dr.Amit in India for past 8 years.